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Saturday, February 29 • 4:00pm - 5:15pm
Sharing voices and removing barriers: Novel applications of augmented reality (AR) and open scholarship (OS)

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Chair: Wes Hamrick

Anthony Graesch and Lyndsay Bratton, "The Kw’éts’tel Project: Integrating Open Scholarship into Research Design and Peer Review into Open Scholarship"
Kw’éts’tel is a Halq'eméylem term for a knife used for well over 2,000 years by Stó:lō-Coast Salish families in the Fraser Valley of southwestern British Columbia principally for butchering and processing salmon. The design of these tools corresponded to the very specific needs of processing massive quantities of salmon for wind drying and storage. While archaeologists have recovered broken and intact knives as well as knife-making byproducts, the use of these artifacts to infer past behavior has been hampered by a limited understanding of how the tools were made. This digital scholarship project presents experimental archaeological research addressing the technological practices - the raw materials, tool combinations, haptic knowledge, and organization of the body - entailed in Stó:lō-Coast Salish use and manufacture of a tool crucial to local foodways.

An outcome of faculty-student research at Connecticut College, the Kw’éts’tel project website aims to make research questions, data, and findings accessible to wider audiences as well as descendant communities and stakeholders. Nested in a broader collaboration with Chawathil First Nation, the Stō:ló Research and Resource Management Centre, and Musqueam Nation, the work expands on and serves as a digital companion to conventionally published academic research while exploring new ideas and new ways of knowing using data that cannot be disseminated in analog or even most digital journal publications owing to restrictions in size, format, or abundance. 

Speakers will highlight effective engagement of undergraduate students in faculty-student digital scholarship, the impacts of open scholarship principles and practices on research design, and developing peer and community review processes for scholarly online publishing.

Evan Young, "“All of it is a code anyway”: Augmenting a Literary Web for Leslie Marmon Silko’s Almanac of the Dead"
The presentation describes an ongoing hybrid-form augmented reality (AR) project designed to invite readers into an interactive engagement of Leslie Marmon Silko’s 1991 novel Almanac of the Dead. A digital project housed on paper cards, the project’s argument occurs on both analytical and structural levels. Color-coded textual pathways and AR video experiences embedded on the page strive to intensify readers' engagements with Almanac, prompting readers to be more intentional in thinking about how voices that are not their own are orchestrated in critical writing.

Readers may activate AR video experiences via the iPhone/Android app LifePrint. AR technology has vast potential as a decolonial tool; the ability to embed these experiences on the printed page means that Indigenous creators cited have more agency in “speaking for themselves.” Their voices are augmented, extending beyond the two-dimensional limits of the page. Color bars on each card correspond with conceptual themes present on a given card. With a human reader activating a hyperlink between cards, same-color color bars serve as portals that offer additional ways of reading alongside the ever-possible option to read linearly by page number. Readers may shuffle cards according to these color bars, opening up multiplicitous future readings of the project with the potential to evoke connections and insights that might remain encrypted in a traditionally linear reading. The act of shuffling inputs a randomness factor into future readings. Essentially hyperlinks, these connections are present in a virtual state of potentiality before the possibility of a reader recognizing them—decoding them—might even occur.

This project develops AR video experiences alongside interrelated passages of color-coded text in the hopes of more accurately reflecting the episodic, nonlinear, fragmented, and rhizomatic characteristics of the entangled story-worlds which, when recognized as diverse manifestations of a greater whole, constitute Almanac of the Dead.


Lyndsay Bratton

Connecticut College

Anthony Graesch

Connecticut College

Evan Young

Five Colleges

Saturday February 29, 2020 4:00pm - 5:15pm EST
LITC 182

Attendees (6)